The following are the OEPS project working definitions of OER and OEP.
Our understanding of Open Educational Resources is grounded in established notions of openly licensed content. We have a specific focus on freedoms afforded by openly licensing content (allowing “The 5 Rs”: retain, reuse, revise, remix, redistribute) and the degree to which design development and distribution accounts for equity and openness.
We think of Open Educational Practices as those educational practices that are concerned with and promote equity and openness. Our understanding of ‘open’ builds on the freedoms associated with “the 5 Rs” of OER, promoting a broader sense of open, emphasising social justice, and developing practices that open up opportunities for those distanced from education.
MOOCs, SPOCs, BOCs and Badges
What is a MOOC?
A MOOC is a course of study made available over the Internet without charge and studied by a very large number of people. A number of Scottish universities deliver MOOCs through the FutureLearn platform; the University of Edinburgh uses both FutureLearn and Coursera. MOOCs are free to study but may charge for certification. They are not normally openly licensed (see OER definition).
The definition of MOOCs is contested and if you would like to read more see MOOC definition.
What is a BOC?
A BOC is a badged open course. BOCs are different from MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) because they are perpetual, enabling students to return to them at any time to refresh their knowledge, unlike MOOCs which have a set start and finish date. BOCs allow the student to earn a digital badge on successful completion of an onlne assessment.
What is a SPOC?
SPOCs are an offshoot of MOOCS, the acronym standing for ‘small private online course’; the online course may be licensed by the originator for use by a business or university for a fee.
What is an Open Badge?
An open badge is a form of online digital certification achieved by completing defined assessments linked to an online course. The badge contains metadata that stores the assessment criteria and the nature of the achievement. You can find out more about open badges on the JISC blog.
To find about more about badges in the context of Open Educational Practice see the Open Badge definition.